January is a good time to evaluate your gardens and start planning for the Spring. Prepare a sketch of your landscape complete with permanent fixtures including the house, sidewalks, fences, and trees. Keep notes of what did well and what needs to be replaced. Remember, your landscape is a continual work in progress!
Now is the time to prune fruit trees and grapevines. Shade trees and evergreen shrubs can be trimmed to maintain shape and to remove damaged or low lying branches. Do not top Crape Myrtles; only prune to remove damaged branches. Trim summer blooming shrubs and vines to tidy their appearance. Leave a smooth cut flush with a trunk or branch from which you pruned. Apply pruning pain to cuts larger than a pinkie to prevent diseases and insect infestations.